These are land turtles and include, from left: Slowpoke from Applause, Flash the Boyds turtle, the Hansa Wood Turtle, the Wild Republic Galapagos Tortoise, and two Webkinz turtles.
These are sea turtles and include the Green Sea Turtle from Wild Republic (in two sizes), Tina the Turtle from Douglas, Speedy the Beanie Baby and Beanie Buddy, Zoom the Sea Turtle Beanie Baby with the colorful shell, a tiny little Ganz Turtle Magnet Mate, a Russ Turtle Luv Pet, a Ganz Turtle Soft Spot, Baby Q Ball the Turtle from MJC, and Shelly the Puffkin Turtle.
Turtles belong to the order Tedtudines. There are 12 families of turtles living in the world. There are 7 families found in the United States and Canada. They are found in a variety of environments from oceans and ponds to deserts and forests. These are animals that have a covering their body. This is actually an expansion of their ribs. Their bony shells have two parts: the carapace (upper) and the plastron (lower). The shield-like parts are called scutes. Often the turtles that spend most of their time in water have smaller shells. Turtles are the only reptiles that have no teeth, but their horny beak can still inflict a painful bite. Because turtles are cold-blooded, they like to sun themselves to raise their temperature and speed up their metabolism. The life span of sea turtles is not known, but may reach the age of 80. Tortoises may reach 150 years of age. All turtles lay eggs. Their clutches range from a few to several hundred. The incubation period can range from 6 weeks to many months.